All You Want To Know About Cooking with Millets | Thinai Recipes
I was trying to recall how and when I started cooking with millets because it was not something my family (mother, grandmother etc.) would cook with at all.
Once I started cooking with millets, first as a rice substitute, then regularly in more and more dishes, I found how easy they were to cook and create new dishes with. If you've been a regular on my blog and been following my social media updates, you'll know that I've been a big fan of this humble grain since the last 5 years and cannot recommend them enough.
Whenever I write a post on millets, the first question I'm asked is, what are they called in 'x' language :) So here's a ready reckoner for you to learn the name of millet in whatever language your grocer speaks (if you don't order your groceries online, that is) :D
Tamil - Thinai
Telugu - Korra
Kannada - Navane
Hindi - Kangni
Marathi - Kang / Rala
Health Benefits of Millets
Millets were cultivated since ancient times in India. However, only ragi (finger millet) continued to feature in some regional diets, while the use and cultivation of other millets almost completely died out. In the last few years, millet cultivation has revived as a result of increased awareness of its health benefits. With type 2 diabetes being diagnosed in more and more people, millet seems to be the grain of choice over refined white rice, and rightfully so.
The risk of developing diabetes is lower in people who consistently eat whole grains, because of their fibre and magnesium content. Isn't it interesting that millets are said to contain as much of phytonutrients (antioxidants) as is present in fruits and vegetables! Fibre from whole grains has been seen to provide protection against breast cancer in pre-menopausal women. A diet rich in insoluble fibre is known to prevent occurrence of gallstones in women. While I'm talking about foxtail millet in this post, this applies to all other varieties, which are whole grains as well -such as Kodo, Proso, Barnyard, Pearl Barley and so on.
Magnesium is a very important micronutrient that is abundant in a whole grain like millet. It lowers blood pressure and reduces the chances of heart attacks. It is also valuable in reducing the intensity of asthma attacks and the frequency of migraine headaches. Magnesium plays an important role in the action of over 300 enzymes in the body, including those involved in glucose metabolism, which is why it is important for diabetics. Whole grains like millets are your best way to get a healthy dose of magnesium every day.
Millets are naturally gluten free, so millet flour can be used instead of wheat flour for gluten free cooking/baking, if you are sure of no cross contamination.
Cooking with Millets
In my personal experience of cooking with and eating millets, I find that it has the following advantages over brown rice.
- No soaking required
- Not chewy, therefore kid friendly too
- On stove top as well as rice cooker, foxtail millet cooks in much less time than brown rice
- A more environmentally friendly grain than rice as it requires very little water to cultivate millets as compared to rice and grows easily in harsh climatic conditions
Where to buy millets
Another question I'm always asked is where to buy millets in Bangalore. I'm sharing with you some of the options that I am aware of. (Please add any other places you know of in the comments, so I can update this section with credit to you)
You can order online on Town Essentials which has a variety of millets (Proso, Kodo, Little millet, pearl barley and Foxtail) sold in both organic and regular variety. They also have some millet flours available. Delivery is available to anywhere in Bangalore.
There's a shop called Paaramparya at HSR Layout (Bangalore) that not only sells millets but also sells freshly made idli dosa batter using millet. You can also get your choice of millets ground as flours, on demand. They are a zero waste shop so you may need to carry your own boxes or pay for the reusable cloth packaging to buy dry groceries.
For those of you who prefer shopping from Amazon, there are a whole lot of brands selling a variety of millets and millet based products you can check out and order.
Want to try out some readymade millet dishes instead? Last year, I had the joy of eating with my friend Srini at this tiny restaurant in Adyar, Chennai, called Prems Graama Bhojanam, that serves a small selection of dishes, all prepared using millets. They have uthapams, rice varieties and meals, all of which are millet based. Then there is Vaathsalya Millet Cafe in JP Nagar, Bangalore, that features a purely millet based cuisine. I am yet to visit it, but have heard a lot of good things about it.
Watch my video on how to cook millets -
How to cook Foxtail Millet in Pressure Cooker, Rice Cooker and Stove-top boiling Method
Rinse the millet in water 2-3 times. The important thing to remember is no matter how you cook the millets, once it is cooked, separate the grains using a fork or a spoon and remove it into a casserole. If it sits in the cooker or the vessel in which it is cooked, it will get dry and lumpy. Use adequate quantity of water to cook the millets so it is fluffy and soft, and not dry.
Pressure Cooker Method: Place some water in a pressure cooker. Place the rinsed and drained millets in a vessel that fits in the pressure cooker with double the water, pinch of salt and few drops of oil. Pressure cook until you get 2 whistles and then on low flame for 3-4 minutes. Switch off and open the cooker as soon as it is cooled. Fluff with a fork and remove into a casserole.
Rice Cooker Method: Place the the rinsed and drained millets with double the water directly in a rice cooker. Add a pinch of salt, few drops of oil and cover, placing the rice cooker on 'Cook' mode. Once it is cooked, fluff with a fork remove into a casserole or hot-pack.
Stove top boiling method: Place the the rinsed and drained millets with double the water, pinch of salt and few drops of oil in a heavy bottomed pan. Allow the water to come to a boil, lower the flame to minimum, cover with a fitting lid and allow to cook for 7-8 minutes. Once it is cooked, fluff with a fork remove into a casserole or hot-pack.
The same recipes can also be prepared with Proso Millet, Kodo Millet and Barnyard Millet.
Here are some of the recipes that you can cook using MILLETS
Millet Pulao in Pressure Cooker makes a quick one-pot meal in a jiffy. Add some soaked moong dal to this, increase the quantity of water and you have a vegetable millet khichdi, which is the best weeknight dinner if you ask me!
If you've always looked longingly at quinoa and couscous salads, and fretted that they are not easily available in India (or sold too expensive) - then millets are your answer. They make a good substitute for both quinoa and couscous, have a similar texture and soak up dressings beautifully. Presenting, the Foxtail millet salad!
If you like Upma for breakfast, then you'll love this Kodo Millet upma, topped generously with golden cashew nuts. It's way more filling than semolina and a whole grain too.
Love Sabudana Khichdi, but hate the pure carb overload from the sabudana? Let me tell you a secret. Millet sabudana khichdiis the bomb - I regularly make it with both quinoa and millets.
Millet Idlis can be as soft as idlis made with rice. Get the recipe here for this high fibre, filling breakfast
Millets in appetisers like patties and cutlets make a good filler and a potato substitute, giving you lots more fiber, calcium and protein. So why not! Get the recipe for a delicious millet and basil patties here.
We love this appetiser prepared in the airfryer - crunchy and golden millet and bottle gourd koftas. Serve them with a chutney or use them as koftas in a gravy or even in a kadhi.
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